The border troops come

At the transition to Mexico, 6000 soldiers should be stationed according to planning the US government. Washington also reacts to the consequences of free trade

Unnamed Blaring Throws, High Security Fences, Infrared Cameras and Motion Detectors: The US government wants to massively rupture on the border with Mexico (billions for the virtual wall). With a corresponding envisment, Prasident George W dared. Bush in his last speech to the nation a burr hike: Half a year before the congress elections, he has to keep the important electoral layer of the Hispanics on the one hand on the one hand. On the other hand, the mostly feminine topshade in the Sudstatas demands a rigid approach to the illegal immigrants. Inner politics, Bush wants with its border plan the waves smooth. But at the international level, he threatens him.

The border troops come

US Prasident Bush visited the border with Mexico on Thursday to send the posting of 6,000 soldiers of the National Guard and the expansion of border worms. Image: Weibe’s house

Immediately before the speech Mexico Prasident Vicente Fox had already carried a first crisis language with Bush. Around 15 minutes, a spokeswoman of the woman’s house later reported, had the two head of state advice. Fox, former Coca-Cola manager and actually a reliable cuisine of US interests in the region, found significant words by warning among other things before a "militarization" of the border.

Because not only bush, but also the conservative Fox is interrupted in terms of domestic: On the second of July, the Prassidal election takes place in the Central American country. According to the last surveys, the Social Democratic Opposition Party PRD with its candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is clearly before the waiting for the ruling Christian conservative pan. That a victory of the managed left Lopez Obrador could also contribute to the economic interests of the United States is aware of the planners in Washington. Therefore, Bush probably ared his counterpart, "that the United States consider Mexico as a friend".

The embassy did not arrive in the country itself. Despite the appeal attempts from the north, the House of Representatives in Mexico City adopted a resolution in which the "militarization" is sentenced. The two leaders’ candidate candidates – alongside Lopez Obrador also applies Felipe Calderon from the pan – on the traditionally US critical attitude of the Mexicans and spoke against the troop station on the US side of the common border. Critical comments came about other Central American states such as Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador.

About 450.000 illegal burrs per year

It was the first speech to the nation in which the reigning US prasident dedicated to an indoor politic subject: the consequences of increasing illegal migration from Central and Sud America to the USA. Estimated 450.000 people exceed the good 3100 kilometers long border stripes per year, the number of "illegal" in the United States is now approached to millions. Now US Prasident Bush for the first time confessed the obvious problems at the limit.

We no longer have full control over the border, but I’m determined to change that.

George W. Bush

According to his wradies from the beginning of June 6.000 National Guardists are relocated to the border to the 12 stationed there.000 border protector "Logistic to support". In a second phase – parallel to the technical rejection of the border installations – the 6.000 soldiers can be replaced by the same number of border protection by the end of 2008 by the same number of border protection. The cost of the plan amounts to a total of 1.9 billion US dollars after first estimates.

Migration experts fall a destructive verdict. The special rapporteur of the United Nations for the rights of escape strings, the Mexican Jorge A. BUSTAMANTE, promptly responded to the acquiring of the US prasident:

This is a serious decision. In Volkerrecht, such a step is commonly interpreted as a war preparatory maaking.

Jorge A. Busmante

It is therefore unfortunate if the reigning Mexican government take the US initiative "on the light shoulder". Miguel Angel Lugo, who teaches the Pan-American University of Mexico Politics and Volkerrecht, says that the rewind the migration streams. "But from the measures, a non-undisable risk for the human rights situation," he admitted concerns.

The attempt to make it all right

In fact, the theme of migration had determined the domestic debates of the past few weeks in the US in an increasing mabe (a sleeping giant moves). The exclusive was a law, which had been adopted by the US Reprused Antenna House in December on the initiative of the right angle of the Republican Party. It was not only a rigid border security, but also a sharp legal action against illegal immigrants. Migrant organizations had then called for the protest against the hardliners and on the 1. May millions of people mobilized – in addition to immigrants also many US burger (one day without immigrants). Look at least since this million march is the topic on the internal Political Agenda Washington.

Parallel to the speech Bushs, the Senate has now taken the debates by a subsequent law. It is – the position of the prasident similarly – in addition to more effective border protection also the possibility of the integration of illegal immigrants. Prasident Bush was not moused in his speech to extinguish a general ameresty for the treasure way, two million "illegals". But if they had worked for several years, respected laws, paid a punishment and subsequent taxes, he became an enamellation, so bush.

Migration experts call for "Overall debate"



Meanwhile, in the US, a lively discussion is a solution to the immigrant problem. That the protests at the beginning of the month were only a first step, says Oscar A. Chacon from the non-governmental organization Enlaces America based in Chicago.

The protests were nuclear against the planned legislation, because so that all men, women and children were made without residence permit to criminals. Also, people who have helped them humanitize help became punishable.

Oscar A. Chacon by Enlaces America

Chacon, as well as other social organizations representatives, hopes for a continuing of the "long-term debate" on the causes of Central and Sud American migration to the USA. Although there are not only economic paths for the illegal immigrants, says the expert, "but the US globalization policy is an important factor". Thus, the North American Free Trade Agreement, which came into force in 1994, fulfilled NAFTA to a rapid increase in immigration from Mexico. Lived in 1990, around two million Mexicans without residence permit in the US, it was already 6.2 million in 2005.

Free trade calls the escape to the north

In fact, with the abrupt opening of the trading boundaries before twists in Mexico, hundreds of thousands of agricultural workplaces have been lost. Too raw was the differences between the often traditional (subsistence) economy in Mexico and the highly technologated agricultural industry in the USA. Thus, a few years ago in the United States on a hectare of land, average seven tons of corn were produced, in Mexico it was just under two tons on the same flat. In the US, 1.2 working hours were used in a tonne of corn, in Mexico it was 17.8 working days.

After the opening of the trading limits, the national grain market broke together in the Central American country, millions of workplaces were lost. According to the logic of free trade, imports from the US were simply more profitable. As far as the system worked. The promised general economic upswing and the following impulses for the labor market remain.

On the other side, US companies flooded the Mexican market. The journalist Klaus Ehringfeld dismissed that the Supermarket chain Superama – an offshoot of the Wal-Mart Group – built in the Central American country a total of 796 branches:

On the Avenida insurgentes, the longest north-sud connection of the city, the offshoots of US companies such as pearls in a string: branches of fast food chains and coffees such as Burger King, Subway, Dunkin Donuts, Domino’s Pizza and McDonalds alternate with blockbuster video shops, Woolworth department stores, office depot bureaucres, home depot architectural markets and the Mexican offshoots of Citibank. According to the US Mexican Chamber of Commerce (Amcham), US companies provide 43 percent of the formal workplaces throughout Mexico.

Klaus Ehringfeld

Two years after joining NAFTA, the Mexican Wirtschaftsgege massively changed. The former self-sufficiency with food has collapsed, instead, the Central American country has become an importer of agricultural products and suppliers for the US industry. The so-called Maquiladoras, easier processing companies, are one of the few booming industries.

Millions of people without a professional perspective but try to come to the north. This year, the "Remesas" – foreign exchange remuneration from the USA to Family Arrivals in Mexico – reach the record amount of 24 billion US dollars. Ehringfeld points out that the Mexican state occupies the same sum of oils. To expect is a further ignition of the situation. Last summer, the US Congress has approved a free trade agreement with Central America. Mexico soon became more than before not only an emigration, but also a transit country.