New anti-terror packages are booming
Fears of terrorist attacks and a radicalized opposition are not only rife in Germany, but also in Turkey, Poland and Russia
Whether it is only due to the European Championship that several anti-terror laws have now been pushed through the parliaments is a matter of opinion. This may have been the case in Germany, where the governing coalition rushed a new anti-terrorism package through the Bundestag amid protests from the fainting opposition. As a rule, the threat of terrorism is only used as a reason for the expansion of surveillance and intelligence desired by security politicians and authorities. to be able to enforce the restriction of citizens’ rights.
German intelligence services are now allowed to work even more closely with foreign intelligence services – "with important foreign partner services, especially those of neighboring countries and other EU or NATO member states" – and not only exchange data, but also create joint files to which all authorized authorities have unlimited access. The reason given is that the "Terrorism does not adhere to national borders, but works together in international structures", This must also be the case in the fight against terrorism. In addition, an identification requirement will soon be introduced for purchasers of prepaid mobile phone cards. The federal police are now allowed to use undercover investigators to avert danger rather than to prosecute offenders. And the Verfangsschutz may store data of minors in the age of 14 to 16 years, because to Syria also minors under 16 years had traveled.
In Poland, the police are allowed to switch off all communications
In Poland, too, a new anti-terrorism law had previously been passed by parliament by the right-wing nationalist PiS government, although there has been no terrorism here for decades, especially no "international" or Islamist, has taken place. But here, as in neighboring Russia, it is more a matter of preventive control of the opposition, and Hungary is following suit.
For example, the domestic intelligence service ABW is allowed, by its own decision and with the approval of the Prosecutor General, to block websites for four months that it considers to be a threat to national security. Judges remain silent on. Similarly, without judicial authorization, intelligence agencies are now allowed to access all government databases. In the event of a crisis, the police can shut down all communications, from the telephone network to the Internet. This is a novelty for a western constitutional state. When buying prepaid mobile phone cards, an identity card must be presented.
In addition, the right to demonstrate can be restricted if a low terrorist alert has been ied, foreigners, including all non-Polish EU citizens, can be arrested more quickly and permanently monitored. Every foreigner is therefore a potential threat. The Polish President Duda has on 22. June signed the law.
In Turkey soldiers in the fight against terrorism enjoyed immunity
In Turkey, the tightening of anti-terrorism laws must not have had anything to do with the European Championships. Since last year, the Turkish government has been taking massive action against the PKK in its own country and in northern Iraq in violation of human rights. Cities are sealed off, covered with weeks-long curfew and heavily damaged. About 1.5 million Kurds are said to be already cursed.
With draconian anti-terror laws, the Turkish government also persecutes journalists and critics of the government who are condemned as terror supporters. The immunity of numerous deputies and practically all of the pro-Kurdish HDP has been lifted. They will face charges and, because the judiciary in Turkey is hardly independent, severe punishments. The goal seems to be to eliminate and marginalize representatives of the Turkic Kurds from parliament. If the military has been granted immunity in the fight against terrorism, then charges of human rights violations already committed will be made impossible, while the soldiers will crack down even harder on real and alleged terrorists. Even when civilians were killed, the official description was always that it had been PKK terrorists.
Russia decides to retain data for 3 years and reveal crypto keys
Just as the Turkish government is trying to undermine the opposition with its anti-terrorism campaign, the Russian government is also tightening the levers more sharply. The Duma has also fast-tracked a bill introduced in April by Irina Yarovaya, a deputy from Putin’s United Russia party, ostensibly in response to the terrorist attack on the Russian passenger plane over Egypt in October 2015 and the terrorist attacks in Paris last year.
Apparently, the law should be female-washed, because the Duma still deleted the pas to automatically deprive convicted terrorists with dual citizenship of Russian citizenship. In France, where one anti-terrorism law follows the other, Hollande’s government wanted to implement the same. Until now, only convicted terrorists with dual citizenship could have their French passports revoked; the government wanted to be able to do this for all citizens in order to make them stateless. In France, the government has failed in the Senate, in Russia, the Duma steamed the pas, probably in order to be able to sell the rest better.
In Russia, too, it should now be possible to prosecute supporters more effectively. Even those who notice preparations for a terrorist attack but do not report them to the police can expect a fine or a year in prison. The age for those who can be punished for terrorist attacks or hostage-taking has been lowered from 16 to 14 years old. It seems to be the trend to soften the juvenile criminal law. And anyone who incites terrorism or hatred or justifies terrorist attacks can be fined up to one million rubles or seven years in prison.
Also drastic is the planned data retention of three years, for social networks of one year. The contents of the communication must be kept in stock for half a year. In addition, crypto keys must be handed over to the security authorities of telecommunications companies.