Government formation in sweden: sweden democrats (fine) out!
Ulf Kristersson, the chairman of the conservative-liberal party "The moderates", was entrusted with the formation of the government. Image: News Oresund/CC BY-2.0
Sweden’s government formation has begun. The winner of the current difficult political situation could be the right-wing populist Sweden Democrats (SD)
Last Tuesday, the President of the Swedish Parliament, Andreas Norlen, entrusted the leader of the conservative-liberal party with the election "The moderates" (M), Ulf Kristersson, with the formation of the government. The latter has since had two weeks. But success seems doubtful.
Norlen, also a member of the party, was elected on 24. September elected with the help of the Sweden Democrats. On the other hand, the moderates refused to fill one of the three deputy posts with the SD candidate Bjorn Soder, although this was the right of the third strongest faction according to political tradition. Norlen also wants to formally vote Stefan Lofven out of office as prime minister immediately, but he remains in office as head of a transitional government. Now both Lofven and SD leader Jimmie Akesson are celebrating their offense against Kristersson.
As a reminder Last week, the two civic-liberal parties, the Center (C) and the Liberals (L), clashed with the Christian Democrats (K) over the question of whether to accept the support of the Sweden Democrats as a minority government. K leader Edda Busch-Thor, who advocates an anti-migration policy, now has far fewer fears of contact with Akesson.
Akesson is now, according to his own words, "belligerent" and does not want to accept the Moderate leader Ulf Kristersson, i.e., to vote against him if he is then elected as head of government. The right-wing populists also do not seem to fear a new election at present. At the same time, Akesson is meeting with top Moderate politicians to explore common ground. According to polls, a majority of voters from civic parties apart from the Centre Party are in favor of cooperation with the Sweden Democrats.
Formally, the Social Democrats, the Grune (MP) and the Left (V) have one seat more than the Alliance, but the coalition with the Left did not work in the previous legislative period, and the President of the Diet can propose the first candidate.
Rough coalition like in Germany as way out?
Kristersson recently stated that he does not want to give the Social Democrats a veto, i.e. he does not want to be dependent on their well-being as a minority government, so the rough coalition seems obvious. There had already been a (secretly planned) discussion between Kristersson and Lofven on this, and another is to follow.
The rough coalition would also be the surest way to continue cutting the Sweden Democrats, but the "Merkel solution" has never occurred in the history of the Scandinavian country. And most commentators also warn of the consequences. One of the coalition members then lost a massive number of supporters, saying that the rough coalition had made the AfD possible in the first place – which also allowed the Sweden Democrats to grow.
The existence of such a liaison is questionable, if only in terms of tax policy. Kristersson wants a significant reduction, which cannot be done with the Social Democrats. It is also doubtful that an agreement can be reached on migration policy.
Another option would be a coalition of the Social Democrats, the Greens and the two pro-migration liberal parties, the Centre and the Liberals, with the acquiescence of the Left Party, led by Centre leader Annie Loof, Sweden’s Minister of Economic Affairs from 2011 to 2014. She is considered a high-profile critic of the Sweden Democrats and a supporter of an open immigration policy. But in the election campaign, she had always campaigned for an alliance government.
However, in a coalition government, the respective actors will lose much of their political profile in order to reach a compromise.
Whether the Sweden Democrats are serious about governing is the big question
Akesson had made offers to Lofven and Kristersson during the election campaign. At present, the rhetorically skilled right-winger considers a coalition of his party with the Social Democrats and Christian Democrats to be a viable solution. At the same time, the Social Democrats are warning against the influence of the Sweden Democrats and are collecting votes against the participation of Akesson’s party on a website with the slogan "Together we will be on the right side of history.
More realistic is the option of trimming the moderates after all. Should Kristersson remain in office until 16. If Kristersson is unable to form a government on October 1, the President of the Swedish Parliament will entrust Lofven with this task, although here, too, the chances are considered slim. An exhausted Kristersson was finally able to come back to the Sweden Democrats under prere from his voters and some of his fellow campaigners.
If not, the Sweden Democrats will appear as the political winners of the next time. They went to meet the moderates with the election of the president of the Reichstag, showed themselves to be politically cooperative, but the other parties rejected cooperation.
Then they could go about their business as usual – criticizing government policies without being in danger of taking responsibility for their own decisions. Many of the "concrete parties" as Akesson calls his political opponents, were then in the same boat and thus for all the problems to be pilloried. But at the municipal level, the prere of responsibility has grown. In the small town of Horby, Skåne Province, a Swedish democrat becomes mayor for the first time. "